Birth control describes any of the various methods to prevent pregnancy. They include such well-known methods as “the pill” and an IUD. Different methods vary in their mechanisms, their ease of use, and how often the patient has to use them before having sex.
What is Liletta?
Liletta is a type of intrauterine device (IUD) that releases a progestin hormone called levonorgestrel that prevents pregnancy by making the uterine mucus thicker and by blocking sperm. It works for up to three years, and the patient can have it removed anytime if they decide that they want a child. Liletta is not recommended for women with a history of breast cancer or an abnormal susceptibility to infections.
What is the Ortho Evra Patch?
The Ortho Evra patch looks a bit like a Band-aid, and it releases a type of progestin called norelgestromin and a synthetic form of estrogen called ethinyl estradiol. These are the same types of hormones in the pill. Each patch works for about a week. Most women will use the patches during the weeks that don’t coincide with their period. The patient can apply the patch to the upper arm, chest, back, abdomen, or buttocks.
What is Nexplanon?
Nexplanon is a type of birth control implant. It is a small rod that releases a hormone called etonogestrel that prevents ovulation. It also makes the uterine mucus thicker so the sperm has a harder time reaching the egg. Even if a sperm does reach an egg and fertilizes it, the thick mucus will keep the fertilized egg from implanting itself in the uterine wall. The implant remains effective for up to three years.
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